I have put together some resources that I think are helpful for guiding students through the PhD journey. These include i) general tips, ii) surviving your first, second, then third year, iii) visualising your research and argument through the PhD planning templates, iv) researcher development, v) and Mike’s top ten readings all PhD students should read.
Top ten general tips for writing your PhD
Your first year…
Useful PhD planning templates
Writing your methodology
Lessons from BBC 2022-23 journalism guidelines — START WITH THESE PRINCIPLES IN MIND WHEN YOU DEVELOP YOUR APPROACH.
MIT’s ‘Crafting Research Questions and Qualitative Methodology’ course via: https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/urban-studies-and-planning/11-233-crafting-research-questions-and-qualitative-methodology-fall-2005/assignments/
Primary vs. secondary research
Secondary data collection and analysis in tourism research | by Temple University and the University of Surrey
Walking Methodologies, Digital Platforms and the Interrogation of Olympic Spaces: the #RioZones Approach | #peripathetic #walkingmethods #digitalplatforms #postpositivism #Olympics #Rio2016
Misc resources, tips and talks for researcher development
- The inherent problematic with scientific studies – see John Oliver’s comedy sketch on Last Week Tonight.
- Stephen Toulmin’s (1968) idea of ‘Argumentation’ – see Imko Meyenberg’s argumentation presentation, Toulmin book, and Attride-Stirling’s (2001) work.
- Being an Early Career Researcher in the Era of Research Impact (Michael Duignan and Nadia DeGama – July, 2016)
- Tips every PhD needs to know! Video presentation and guest lecture by Dr James Hayton (author of the threemonththesis.com)
- Responding to Reviewer Comments (Prof Fink and Prof Kautonen, 2015)
- Higher Education Academy 9 Part guide to writing tourism, hospitality and events dissertations
- The difference between primary and secondary data – Primary vs. Secondary Data
- Semiotic analysis – semiotic analysis 261114
- Qualitative analysis and how to code in NVIVO – Nvivo_Presentation_November_5th_2013
- Discourse and Knowledge (Teun van Dijk, 2013)
- Introduction to Discourse Analysis (Schnider, 2013)
- See http://olympicresearcher.wordpress.com/2014/08/19/an-introduction-to-discourse-analysis/
- See http://olympicresearcher.wordpress.com/2014/08/19/thinking-of-conducting-a-discourse-analysis-some-tips-here/
- See http://www.politicseastasia.com/research/video-introduction-to-discourse-analysis/
- Analytical options for Discourse Analysis – thanks to Dolly Parton (Coyle, 2013)
- Power Relationships in Societal Discourse
Mike’s top resources every PhD should read
Sociological paradigms and organisational analysis by Burrell and Morgan (1979) – to provide a deeper understanding as to the history and development of social theory and different positions one can take.
George Orwell’s ‘Politics and the English Language’ – how to avoid writing in ‘academese’.
Christopher Hitchens collection of essays in ‘Arguably’ – how to write with concise prose and find your voice in your writing.
The art of writing literature review: What do we know & what do we need to know? (Paul and Criado, 2020).
The Needless Complexity of Academic Writing: Striving for Complexity (Article in The Atlantic, 2015)
Writing for an academic journal: 10 tips | #TheGuardian #Article
Storytelling techniques for writing, presenting, leading (Harvard Business Review, 2020): https://hbr.org/2020/10/storytelling-can-make-or-break-your-leadership?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=hbr.
Writing a journal article | #writing #journals #research #ideas #organising #peerreview #publishing #preparingthepaper #writingthepaper #finalisingthepaper #respondingtoreviewers
University of Chicago Social Sciences: ‘The Craft of Writing Effectively’ – useful for writers at all stages in their careers.
Writing in defense of writing ‘research notes’ by Prof Sara Dolnicar, entitled: “Brilliance is Succinct: Embrace and respect the short communication”. Then, some technical advice given by Sara on how to write a ‘research note’ for Annals of Tourism Research – video below.
The PhD journey is not just about completing your doctorate and publishing in the highest ranked journals. Look around and you will most likely find students working on a range of topics, objectives, with wildly diverse career ambitions. One student may wish to advance a particular theory, whilst another may be looking to commercialise their work. Though both are in pursuit of a PhD, they will require different skills and commensurate researcher development training.
The UK Government body ‘Research Councils UK (RCUK) funded a national researcher development organisation entitled: ‘Vitae’. Vitae created the UK’s national framework to plan PhD research development, entitled the ‘Researcher Development Framework (RDF)‘. I was fortunate to spend the first years of my career at Vitae developing and managing skills programmes, workshops, conferences and events to support the RDF.
PhD actions: Review the RDF and supporting materials online. Use this to recognise your strengths and weaknesses and work with your supervisor to develop a plan and some actions.
The Surprising Power of Questions (Harvard Business Review, 2018)
How to build a great relationship with a mentor (Harvard Business Review, 2020) https://hbr.org/amp/2020/01/how-to-build-a-great-relationship-with-a-mentor?utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=hbr&utm_source=twitter&__twitter_impression=true&s=09%3Cspan%20id=%22ms-outlook-android-cursor%22%3E!~OMSelectionMarkerEnd~
- Piero Vitelli’s – challenges and fears of presenting, and tips for effectiveness (and bringing passion on to the stage…)
Writing dissertations is a daunting process, particularly at the beginning. Where to start, how to plan, what to research – are the initial starting points. Thanks to the Higher Education Academy (HEA) and affiliated authors, they help to deconstruct the process down to the following 9 parts in the context of tourism, hospitality and leisure.
Have a read, and let me know in the comments – how they helped you, and the advice you would give students entering the third year to prepare and succeed at their dissertations…
Research in tourism, leisure, events (part 1) – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/sites/default/files/research_1.pdf
Introducing the research process (part 2) – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/sites/default/files/research_gateway_section2_introducing_the_research_process.pdf
Getting started (part 3) – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/sites/default/files/research_gateway_section3_getting_started.pdf
Literature reviewing in tourism, hospitality and leisure (part 4) – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/resource/research-hospitality-leisure-sport-and-tourism-literature-reviews
Designing research and methodology in tourism, hospitality and leisure (part 5) – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/resource/research-hospitality-leisure-sport-and-tourism-research-design-and-data-collection
Analysing your results in tourism, hospitality and leisure (part 6) – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/sites/default/files/research_gateway_section6_analysis_results.pdf
Discussing your findings in tourism, hospitality and leisure (part 7) – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/sites/default/files/research_gateway_section7_discussion_of_findings.pdf
Concluding your research dissertations in tourism hospitality and leisure (part 8) – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/sites/default/files/research_gateway_section8_conclusions.pdf
The final dissertation write up in tourism hospitality and leisure (part 9) – https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/sites/default/files/research_gateway_section9_final_write_up.pdf
Thanks to @HEA Academy and associated authors for providing these resources.
HOW TO RESEARCH ONLINE AND METHODS TO DO THIS
Being supervised (or supervising) online? here are some good tips
Preparing for your viva?
Annals of Tourism Research webinars by Prof Sara Dolnicar and Prof Scott McCabe
16 September 2020
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14 October 2020
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Why am I getting desk rejected?
4 November 2020
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Social Sciences in Tourism
17 February 2021
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17 March 2021
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What to do before you hit “submit”
14 April 2021
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Responding to reviewer comments
12 May 2021
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